One of the most challenging questions asked of anyone is recorded by Matthew. It is, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” Matthew 22:42. What about His divinity? Was Jesus God? John in his gospel builds an unanswerable argument designed to prove that Jesus of Nazareth is the divine Son of God. And he frankly declares that he wrote his book that the readers “may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing” they “have life in His name.” John 20:31.
1. Did Christ exist before coming to this world?
The firsts words of John’s gospel reveal that God the Sin is coeternal with God the Father. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.” John 1:1-3. That Word which took part in the creation of the world was Jesus(John 1:14).
Jeremiah called the Messiah “THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS” (Jeremiah 23:5, 6). The Hebrew Yahweh(Jehovah), “the self existing One” is here applied to the Messiah. The text shows both His power and divine nature.
2. Was Jesus divine or was He only man? How does God the Father refer to Him?
“But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God,has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”Hebrews 1:8, 9
3.What did Jesus say about His existence before His birth in Human flesh?
“And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.” John 17:5.
NOTE: Take a look at Isaiah 9:6 where the prophet calls Christ the Father. Read John the Baptist’s testimony in John 1:15, 30, “He was before me”(though Jesus was born after John). Paul says, “He is before all things.” Colossians 1:17. Then there is Christ’s own witness in John 8:58 where He says, “Before Abraham was I Am.” Read also Exodus 3:14. The name “I Am” both in the Hebrew and in the English is a form of the verb “to be” and implies that He is the eternal, self-existing One.
4. Through what power was the incarnation of Jesus made possible?
“And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.”John 1:35.
NOTE: The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit worked together in the act of incarnation. Incarnation has to do with Christ becoming man. The incarnation of Christ did not in any way annul His divinity. The Scripture says, “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen by angels, preached among the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up in glory.” 1 Timothy 3:16. When Christ was born the announcement of the angels to the shepherds referred to Him as the Saviour. Read Luke 2:11. Matthew 1:21-23speaks of Him as “Emmanuel…God with us.”
5. What reason is given in Hebrews why Christ became man?
“Therefore,in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.” Hebrews 2:17
6. How did the Father refer to Jesus?
“And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son,in whom I am well pleased.” Matthew 3:17.
7. How did Jesus demonstrate He had the power of God, that He is the Son of God, and that He is God the Son?
1. He had power to read human hearts (John 2:24, 25)
2. He had power to foretell the future (John 13:19)
3. He had creative power (John 6:1-20)
4. He had power to give life (John 5:21)
5. He had infallibility of utterance (John 8:46)
6. He had power to forgive sins (Mark 2:1-12)
7. He had the right to receive worship (Matthew 14:33)
NOTE: This is an important point since created beings such as men and angels are not to be worshipped. Read Acts 10:25, 26; Revelation 22:8, 9; Matthew 4:8-10. But Jesus accepted worship of His disciples as Deity. Thomas said of Him, “My Lord and My God.” John 20:28, 29. Angels also worship Him (Hebrews 1:6). Ultimately all the universe will adore Him (Philippians 2:10).
8. He had the power to raise the dead to life (John 5:25)
9. He had power to transform hearts (John 1:12, 13)
NOTE: Only a divine being could truthfully say, “I am the light of the world”; “I am the resurrection and the life”; “I am the door”; “I am the way, the truth, and the life.”
8. How could Christ be David’s Lord as well as his Son?
The Pharisees had answered Christ’s question, “Whose son is He [the Christ]?” by saying, “The son of David.” Matthew 22:42. Then Jesus referred to Psalm 110:1 where David called the Messiah “Lord.” This would indicate the Messiah was older than David. If this is so, then how could the Messiah be David’s son and in this position be younger than David? These Jewish leaders were unprepared to answer this question, “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” Matthew 22:45. Had they faced this question properly they would have had to admit Jesus to be the Messiah, the Son of God.
The record of Matthew indicates that Jesus was born of a virgin (Matthew1:18, 22-25). Paul declares, “But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.” Galatians 4:4, 5. He is referred to as “holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners.” Hebrews 7:26. Concerning His relationship to the Father Paul says, “For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” Colossians 2:9. We cannot help but acknowledge, as did the centurion who was watching Jesus when He died, and say, “Truly this man was the Son of God.” Mark 15:39, last part. He is“declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” Romans 1:4.