The Holy Spirit in The New Testament

11 min


Let’s take a look at some of the verses used to support this mainstream trinity doctrine, that there are three persons of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit being a separate divine being. You may be surprised at the simple Bible truth regarding this.

VERSE USED – Matthew 28:19 …’Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.’

Now if we were to take this verse on its own, then surely we could teach that there are three persons of the Godhead right? But we cannot do that, we have to use the whole council of God. And what does the vast majority of the Word of God teach? That the Holy Spirit is God’s Spirit, and that there is only two persons of the Godhead, God the Father and Jesus Christ His Son. So there must be a problem with this Bible verse in Matthew 28. To confirm this, let us take a look at the apostles baptizing:

Acts 2:38 …’Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ.’

Acts 8:16 …’For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.’

Acts 8:36-38 …’What doth hinder me to be baptized? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said,I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.’

Acts 10:48 …’And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord.’

Acts 19:5 …’When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.’

Acts 22:16 …’And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.’

Romans 6:3 …’Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?’

These Bible verses clearly show two things. That there is either a problem with the verse in Matthew 28, or that the mainstream understanding of it is wrong, because the apostles clearly didn’t baptize in the ‘name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit’. IF this verse in Matthew 28 is valid, then Jesus is simply saying we are baptized in the ‘name’ of the Father, Son and THEIR Spirit. And He is including their Spirit because it is through their Spirit that they work in us. Let’s look at another well known and used verse to support the trinity:

VERSE USED – John 14:16 …’And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever.’

Now there is a simple Biblical truth that so many people miss with regards to this verse. They just take this one verse on its own and exclude the context of what Jesus was saying. Let’s look at this verse in context:

John 14:16-17 …’And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless. I will come to you. Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also. At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.’

Do you see this amazing truth? The Holy Spirit had not been sent at this point, and yet Jesus said .. You know Him forHe dwelleth with you! Then Jesus said .. I will not leave you comfortless, I WILL COME TO YOU. Jesus was talking about HIMSELF. He was talking about His Spirit that He would send. Would you like more verses to confirm that?:

Galatians 4:6 …’And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.’

2 Corinthians 3:17 …’Now the Lord is that Spirit and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.’

Jesus was saying He would send His own Spirit, which is the same Spirit as the Spirit of the Father, because they are one in spirit and mind! Have a really good think on John 14:16-17. Prayerfully think about it and the truth will shine forth!

John 14:22-23 …’Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.’

Now many people look at John 14 and say .. Well, Jesus was referring to another person, because He said ‘he’ regarding the comforter. And what they don’t realize is that Jesus referred to HIMSELF as a ‘third person’ elsewhere. Take a look … John 17:1-2 …‘Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.’ Do you see? Jesus spoke about HIMSELF in a ‘third person’. So Jesus talking about the comforter as ‘he’ is no proof at all that the comforter would be another person.

NOTE: The Greek word for ‘comforter’ is ‘parakletos’, which means ‘intercessor, advocate, comforter’. If you take a look at 1 John 2:1 it says that Jesus Christ is our ‘advocate’. And the Greek word used for advocate in this verse is the same ‘parakletos’ used for comforter in the other verses regarding the Spirit. 1 Timothy 2:5 also confirms we only have ONE mediator (advocate) with the Father, and that is Jesus Christ. So what was to be ‘sent’ as a comforter for us? The Spirit of Christ.

The Saviour is our Comforter. This I have proved Him to be.” (E.White, 8MR 49)

“While Jesus ministers in the sanctuary above, He is still by His Spirit the minister of the church on earth. He is withdrawn from the eye of sense, but His parting promise is fulfilled, ‘Lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.” (E.White, Desire of Ages, p.166)

“Let them study the seventeenth of John, and learn how to pray and how to live the prayer of Christ. He is the Comforter. He will abide in their hearts, making their joy full.” (Ellen G. White, Review and Herald, January 27, 1903)

Speaking of Satan, Ellen White says … “He has sought to shut Jesus from their view as the Comforter, as one who reproves, who warns, who admonishes them, saying, ‘This is the way, walk ye in it.” (E.White, RH, August 26, 1890)

“It is not essential for you to know and be able to define just what the Holy Spirit is. Christ tells us that the Holy Spirit is the Comforter, and the Comforter is the Holy Ghost, ‘the Spirit of truth, which the Father shall send in My name.’ ‘I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever; even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him, for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.’ [John 14:16, 17]. This refers to the omnipresence of the Spirit of Christ, called the Comforter.” (E.White, Manuscript Releases 14, p.179)

Who does Revelation 1:13 say is walking amongst the candlesticks (churches)? A separate third being? No, it is Jesus Christ Himself!

VERSE USED – John 16:7-8 …’Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.’

Many people look at these verses and say … “you see! Jesus is talking about another person here, because Jesus says ‘HIM’ and ‘HE’ referring to the Holy Spirit.”Well, did you know that Jesus also said ‘he’ and ‘him’ when referring to Himself? Take a look at the following prayer from Jesus to His Father in heaven in John 17…

i>John 17:1-3 …’Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.’

Do you see? Jesus is speaking of Himself in a ‘third person’. So John 16:7-8 is no proof at all of a ‘third person’. Jesus is just speaking of Himself and HIS Spirit that He is going to send. And why does Jesus need to go to heaven first before He can send the Holy Spirit? If the Holy Spirit is another ‘God’ of the Godhead, then he could just come anytime himself. But the simple truth is, Jesus had to go to heaven first before sending the Spirit, because it is Christ’s OWN Spirit that He receives from the Father. Therefore the Spirit could not come until Jesus was in heaven with the Father.

Now take a look at this … John 15:26 …’But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.’ … That word ‘proceedeth’ in the original Greek means to literally COME OUT of someone. So the Spirit which Jesus was to send literally comes out of the Father. It is God’s own Spirit!

VERSE USED – 1 John 5:7 …’For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.’

This verse only appears in the King James Bible and a few others, whereas the majority of Bible versions have left this verse out. So there is a dispute as to whether this verse is actually a valid inspired verse or not. I personally do not have the knowledge of Bible translation history to be able to say one way or another. But what I can confidently say, and it’s very important that people grasp this truth, is if there are few verses that contradict the vast majority of scripture, then there MUST be something wrong with our basic understanding of the few verses.

Please visit WAS 1 JOHN 5:7 ADDED? to find out why 1 John 5:7 is disputed.

What did we learn earlier concerning the original meaning of the Spirit or Ghost? It means ‘breath’ or ‘thought/mind’. So this verse is saying that the three which bear witness is God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son and the Holy Breath or Mind. So logic tells us it is talking about the breath or mind of God and Jesus Christ, because it makes no sense that there is a ‘Holy Breath’ or ‘Holy Mind’ existing in of itself.

Now even if this verse was valid, which is disputed, it still doesn’t prove the existence of three divine beings in the Godhead, because as we have learned from the mass of other Bible verses, God the Father and Jesus Christ have a Spirit that they give us believers. And as Romans 8:16 confirms, the Spirit of God bears witness with our spirit. So 1 John 5:7 could simply mean that the Father, Son and THEIR Spirit bear witness. And that they are ‘one in Spirit and mind’, like we believers are ‘one in spirit and mind’.

I cannot stress this enough. We must not create a doctrine from only a few verses that actually contradict the rest of scripture.

‘All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.’ (Luke 10:22)

The Vision of John on Patmos

I would like to share another very important Bible verse with you. John on Patmos was given a revelation of Jesus Christ and of the Father. And in Revelation 21, John is given a vision of the New Jerusalem which will reside on the new earth. So this is a future vision of the new heaven and earth when this earth has passed away. Now take a look at what he sees:

Revelation 21:22-23 …’And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.’

As you can clearly see, there is no third person of the Godhead in the New Jerusalem. Just God the Father and Jesus Christ ‘the Lamb’. This confirms the clear Bible teaching that the Godhead consists of only God the Father and Jesus Christ His Son. Remember, we are to take the WHOLE council of God on any doctrine. Yes, if we take one or two verses on their own, we could believe that there are three persons in the Godhead. For instance, if we take a couple of verses on their own, the ‘rapture’ doctrine could seem true, or the doctrine of eternal hell fire for the lost could seem true. But we know that if the vast majority of the Bible contradicts the few verses, then there MUST be a misunderstanding of those few verses. And this applies to the false trinity doctrine.

God and Jesus Christ Given Names and Titles

If you look right throughout the Bible, you will see that God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ both have REAL NAMES. They both talk about each other in REAL PERSONAL WAYS. So if the Holy Spirit of God is a separate, divine, equal being of the Godhead, why doesn’t it have a real personal name like the Father and Son? Think about it. What is the Spirit called? It’s called THE Spirit or THE Holy Spirit. It’s never given a name or title, it’s just called THE Spirit, which isn’t a name, it’s just what it is. The word Holy isn’t a name either, it’s just describing what God’s Spirit is, Holy. So if you think about this logically, with all the other Bible evidence, you can only come to one conclusion, that the Holy Spirit is not a separate person from God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ. It must be the Spirit of God, or God’s Spirit.

Romans 8:10-16 …’And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit of himthat raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.’

Do you see how the inspired Bible writers clearly revealed the Holy Spirit as being the Spirit of God and of Christ? It is God and Christ Jesus who dwells in us through THEIR SPIRIT, which is One Spirit that they share, not another divine being.

Also Read What Is The Holy Spirit?

Now some say that because the Spirit can be grieved (Ephesians 4:30, Matthew 12:31) then it must have its own mind and be another separate deity of the Godhead. But again, this just goes against the vast Biblical evidence of what the Holy Spirit is. Think about it. How does God the Father and Jesus Christ prompt us and guide us? Through THEIR Holy Spirit. So if we turn away and reject the promptings of God’s Spirit, then that is what we cannot be forgiven for. Look at the following interesting Bible verses:

Isaiah 40:13 …’Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor has taught him?’

Romans 11:34 …’For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counsellor?’

Can you see how Paul is quoting directly from Isaiah, and clearly understood the Spirit of the Lord to be the Mind of the Lord? They are one and the same thing. Which is why the original Hebrew and Greek words for ‘Spirit’ (ruwach and pneuma) right throughout the Bible points to the ESSENCE of a being, ie ‘breath, thoughts, mind’, rather than an actual being itself.

Conclusion

If you take the WHOLE council of God regarding this doctrine of the trinity, you will find out that it is a false teaching. What is the Holy Spirit? It is the Spirit of God and of Christ Jesus. It is not another divine being in the Godhead, as there are only two, God the Father and His Son Christ Jesus our Lord and Saviour, which is confirmed in Luke 10 by Christ Jesus Himself:

Luke 10:22 …’All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.’

Finally, take a look at the following inspired quote from a humble woman of God … ‘The King of the universe summoned the heavenly hosts before Him, that in their presence He might set forth the true position of His Son and show the relation He sustained to all created beings. The Son of God shared the Fathers throne, and the glory of the eternal, self-existent One encircled both. About the throne gathered the holy angels, a vast, unnumbered throng … the most exalted angels, as ministers and subjects, rejoicing in the light that fell upon them from the presence of the Deity. Before the assembled inhabitants of heaven the King declared that none but Christ, the Only Begotten of God, could fully enter into His purposes, and to Him it was committed to execute the mighty counsels of His will. The Son of God had wrought the Father’s will in the creation of all the hosts of heaven; and to Him, as well as to God, their homage and allegiance were due.’ (E.White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p.36)

“Satan was once an honored angel in heaven, next to Christ. His countenance, like those of the other angels, was mild and expressive of happiness. His forehead was high and broad, showing great intelligence. His form was perfect; his bearing noble and majestic. But when God said to His Son, ‘Let us make man in our image,’ Satan was jealous of Jesus.” (E.White, Early Writings, p.145)

Do you see any third divine being of the Godhead above? No, there is only two!

John 17:3 …’And this is eternal life, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.’

Read Here Seventh Day Adventists- The Trinity and The Holy Spirit In EGW Writings


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